AUGUST 30, 2018

| by Menanteau P, Kempf F, Trotereau J, Virlogeux-Payant I, Gitton E, Dalifard J, Gabriel I, Rychlik I, Velge P

Role of systemic infection, cross contaminations and super-shedders in Salmonella carrier state in chicken

Abstract

Carriage of Salmonella is often associated with a high level of bacterial excretion and generally occurs after a short systemic infection. However, we do not know whether this systemic infection is required or whether the carrier-state corresponds to continuous reinfection or real persistence in caecal tissue. The use of a Salmonella Enteritidis bamB mutant demonstrated that a carrier-state could be obtained in chicken in the absence of systemic infection. The development of a new infection model in isolator showed that a marked decrease in animal reinfection and host-to-host transmission between chicks led to a heterogeneity of S. Enteritidis excretion and ...

AUGUST 24, 2018

| by P. Sakkas, S. Smith, T.R. Hill, I. Kyriazakis

A reassessment of the vitamin D requirements of modern broiler genotypes

Abstract

We hypothesized that performance and bone mineralization of 2 broiler lines will benefit from increasing vitamin D (vitD) supplementation above current commercial levels and by partial substitution of D3 by 25-OH-D3. Male Ross 308 and 708 chicks (n = 576), were offered diets with low (LD; 1,000), medium (MD; 4,000) or high levels of D3 (HD; 7,000 IU/kg), and medium levels of vitD where the majority of D3 was substituted by 25-OH-D3 (25MD; 1,000 D3+3,000 25-OH-D3 IU/kg). Performance was measured at the end of starter (day 10), grower (day 24), and finisher periods (day 38). Three birds per pen were ...

AUGUST 17, 2018

| by Tony McDougal

Europe-wide poultry health project draws to a close

A nice overview and summary article on the poultry related work of PROHEALTH, written by freelance journalist Tony McDougal for Poultry World.

Access the full article here.


AUGUST 07, 2018

| by Tereza Kubasova, Lenka Davidova-Gerzova, Vladimir Babak, Darina Cejkova, Lucile Montagne, Nathalie Le-Floc'h, Ivan Rychlik

Effects of host genetics and environmental conditions on fecal microbiota composition of pigs

Abstract

Since microbiota may influence the physiology of its host including body weight increase, growth rate or feed intake, in this study we determined the microbiota composition in high or low residual feed intake (HRFI and LRFI) pig lines, of different age and/or subjected to sanitary stress by sequencing the V3/V4 variable region of 16S rRNA genes. Allisonella, Megasphaera, Mitsuokella, Acidaminococcus (all belonging to Firmicutes/class Negativicutes), Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium, Catenibacterium, Butyrivibrio, Erysipelotrichaceae, Holdemania, Olsenella and Collinsella were more abundant in HRFI pigs. On the other hand, 26 genera including Bacteroides, Clostridium sensu stricto, Oscillibacter, Paludibacter, Elusimicrobium, Bilophila, Pyramidobacter and ...

AUGUST 02, 2018

| by Jake Cowton, Ilias Kyriazakis, Thomas Plötz and Jaume Bacardit

A Combined Deep Learning GRU-Autoencoder for the Early Detection of Respiratory Disease in Pigs Using Multiple Environmental Sensors

Abstract

We designed and evaluated an assumption-free, deep learning-based methodology for animal health monitoring, specifically for the early detection of respiratory disease in growing pigs based on environmental sensor data. Two recurrent neural networks (RNNs), each comprising gated recurrent units (GRUs), were used to create an autoencoder (GRU-AE) into which environmental data, collected from a variety of sensors, was processed to detect anomalies. An autoencoder is a type of network trained to reconstruct the patterns it is fed as input. By training the GRU-AE using environmental data that did not lead to an occurrence of respiratory disease, data that did ...