SEPTEMBER 18, 2018

| by Stephanie M. Matheson, Grant A. Walling and Sandra A. Edwards

Genetic selection against intrauterine growth retardation in piglets: a problem at the piglet level with a solution at the sow level

Abstract

Background

In polytocous livestock species, litter size and offspring weight act antagonistically; in modern pig breeds, selection for increased litter size has resulted in lower mean birth weights, an increased number of small piglets and an increased number of those affected by varying degrees of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). IUGR poses life-long challenges, both mental, with morphological brain changes and altered cognition, and physical, such as immaturity of organs, reduced colostrum intake and weight gain. In pigs, head morphology of newborn piglets is a good phenotypic marker for identifying such ...

SEPTEMBER 06, 2018

| by Ilias Chantziaras, Jeroen Dewulf, Tommy Van Limbergen, Marlijn Klinkenberg, Andreas Palzer, Carlos Pineiro, Vivi Aarestrup Moustsen, Jarkko Niemi, Ilias Kyriazakis, Dominiek Maes

Factors associated with specific health, welfare and reproductive performance indicators in pig herds from five EU countries

Abstract

Production diseases are often of multi-factorial origin in which environment (housing, nutrition and management) health and reproductive challenges show complex interactions. The aim of this study was to identify specific environment-related factors and to discuss their associations with health, welfare and reproductive performance in sows and piglets, in diverse systems using data from 130 farms from five EU countries.

Two sets of data were used: a) a questionnaire was developed for sows and piglets covering farm management, interventions and housing and b) farm production data covering various performance parameters. Eight parameters were further selected, four of which were related to sow ...

SEPTEMBER 03, 2018

| by Marie-Christine Meunier-Salaün, Maija Karhapää, Hilkka Siljander-Rasi, Emma Cantaloube, Lucile Archimbaud, Ludovic Brossard, Nathalie Le Floc'h and Anne Boudon

Effect of divergent lines selected on feed efficiency and physical activity on lameness and osteochondrosis in growing pigs

This presentation was held at ISAE 2018. You can download the abstract and the full presentation.

Locomotion disorders have been identified as a significant production disease for growing and finishing pigs, and a sign of reduced animal welfare (EU PROHEALTH project). Amongst them, lameness is a complex problem including animal-based and resources-based causes.
Osteochondrosis (OC) is a very frequent disease in pigs, affecting cartilage. The study assessed the occurrence of lameness and OC in two divergent lines of Large-White selected according to a feed efficiency trait (HRFI, LRFI; high or low residual feed intake), submitted ...